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Official Web site: Il Castello di Moncalieri
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The Castello di Moncalieri is one of the lesser-known Savoy residences; however, it has a long history and houses great beauties.

The castle is strategically located atop the hill of Moncalieri. As early as 1200, Tommaso I of Savoy built a defensive structure to control access from the south to the city.

The Castello di Moncalieri over the centuries

Around the mid-1400s, Duchess Jolanda, wife of Amedeo IX, expanded and enriched it to transform the building into a ducal residence. It was precisely in the castle that the Treaty of Moncalieri was signed in 1475, putting an end to the succession war for the duchy and granting regency to Duchess Jolanda herself.

Castello di Moncalieri
Castello di Moncalieri

Subsequently, the castle was sporadically used by Emanuele Filiberto, followed by significant renovation work commissioned by Carlo Emanuele I and his successor, Vittorio Amedeo I. The works continued for over half a century, involving the court’s finest architects, including Amedeo di Castellamonte.

In more recent times, it became the favored residence of Vittorio Amedeo II during his reign. Ironically, it also served as the location of his imprisonment, ordered by his son, Carlo Emanuele III. Carlo Emanuele III entrusted Benedetto Alfieri with various embellishment projects for the castle, which continued until 1775, the peak of the castle’s splendor, when a park was created.

Like all Savoy residences, during Napoleon’s descent into Piedmont, it fell into French hands. Interestingly, it was the first to suffer this fate, coming under the control of invaders in 1798. During that period, it was used as a military hospital and prison, enduring various damages. Part of the park is now a cemetery.

Castello di Moncalieri
Il Castello di Moncalieri – The Royal Chapel

Following the Restoration of 1814, Vittorio Emanuele I began restoration and remodeling work. Large paintings and sculptures were installed, the main staircase was built, and the Cavallerizza was erected.

Becoming Duke in 1831, Carlo Alberto chose the castle as the ducal residence, making modifications and establishing it as the educational center for young princes. In the subsequent years, it also became the favored dwelling of Vittorio Emanuele II, who contributed to further alterations and furnishings.

After the unification of Italy

n 1849, the celebrated Proclamation of Moncalieri was signed in the Castello di Moncalieri. King Vittorio Emanuele II dissolved the Chamber of Deputies and asked the Prime Minister, Massimo d’Azeglio, to approve the peace treaty with Austria, which marked the end of the First War of Independence.

Castello di Moncalieri
Il Castello di Moncalieri – Maria Adelaide’s bedroom

In the early years of the 20th century, the castle returned to military use. Starting in 1927, it became the headquarters of the Scuola Allievi Ufficiali di Artiglieria (School of Artillery Officer Cadets), and later served as the command center for the Guardia nazionale repubblicana di frontiera (Republican National Border Guard) during the fascist regime.

After World War II, it was allocated to the Carabinieri, who still partially use some of the spaces today. The apartments, on the other hand, were restored and opened to the public in 1991.

Castello di Moncalieri
Grand staircase

In 2008, the castle was severely damaged by a fire that caused significant harm, especially to the Proclamation Hall of Moncalieri. Restoration work was completed in 2017.

Today, the castle has a distinctive horseshoe shape with four corner towers. The park, on the other hand, is an English-style garden that covers approximately 10 hectares and houses several historical buildings.

The Moncalieri Castle has also witnessed several tragedies within the Savoy family. It was here that Amedeo IX was imprisoned by his son, Vittorio Amedeo III, and where his successor, Vittorio Emanuele I, also passed away.

Castle interors

Although remodeled and restored several times over the centuries, the castle’s interiors house some truly remarkable works of art.

Blue Room Clock
  • The Chapel: Located near the staircase on the ground floor, the chapel remains almost entirely intact and is a testament to the seventeenth-century period of the castle.
  • The Stables (La Cavallerizza): Situated in the courtyard and standing 14 meters tall, it covers approximately 1000 square meters.
  • The Clock (L’orologio): A fine clock from the late nineteenth century, once owned by Laetitia Napoleon, the granddaughter of Vittorio Emanuele II and the last member of the royal family to inhabit the castle.
King’s Toilet
  • Maria Clotilde’s Room (Camera di Maria Clotilde): The princess’s room with original furnishings. Notably, it features a majestic porcelain vase purchased by the king at the 1858 International Exhibition.
  • The King’s Dressing Room (La toeletta del Re): Created in the 1860s for Vittorio Emanuele II, it is located next to his bedroom.